Rome (/ roʊm / Rohm; Italian: Roma [Rome] (listen), Latin: Roma) is a city and special Comune (named Roma Capitale) in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. With 2.9 million Residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is the country’s largest and am also most Comune and fourth-most populated city in the European Union Populous population by trong city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome has a population of 4.3 million Residents. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, trong Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber river. The Vatican City is an independent country located geographically trong city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country trong a city: for this reason often Do bị Rome as capital of two states defined.
Rome’s history spans two and a half more coal thousand years. While Roman mythology Dates the Founding of Rome at only around 753 BC, the site bị Inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest Continuously Occupied sites in Europe.  The city’s early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans and Sabines. Eventually, the city became the capital of the successively Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization and by some as the first metropolis Ever.  It is Referred to as ” Roma Aeterna “(The Eternal City) and” Caput Mundi “(Capital of the World), two central notions in ancient Roman culture.
After the fall of the Western Empire, the beginning of the mà nhãn Middle Ages, Rome Fell Slowly under the control of the Papacy Political, đã Settled in the city since the 1st century AD, in the 8th century off until it became the capital of the Papal States, the Which lasted off until 1870.
Beginning with the Renaissance, since almost all the Popes Nicholas V (1422-55) pursued four hundred years coherently along an architectonic and urbanistic program Aimed to make of the city’s artistic and cultural world the center.Due to that, Rome became one of the first the major centers of the Italian Renaissance and then the Birthplace of the Baroque style and Neoclassicism cả. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the center of chúng activity, throughout the city tạo masterpieces. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 the Italian Republic của.
Rome has the status of a global city.Rome ranked 14th in 2014 as the most-visited city in-the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the Most Popular tourist attraction in Italy. Its historic center is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.Monuments and the Vatican Museums như museums and the Colosseum are Among the world’s most visited tourist locations Destinations with both Show Receiving Millions of tourists a year. Rome hosted the 1960 Summer Olympics and is the seat of the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).