Pashupatinath Temple is the oldest Hindu temple located at the bank of Holy River Bagmati. It is one of the 275 holy abodes of Lord Shiva which covers an area of 240 hectors (2.4 sq.km). The exact establishment or construction date of Pashupatinath Temple is unknown but the proof of its evidence was made in the year 477 A.D. The temple was built in Nepali Pagoda style where the roof of the temple is made from gold and copper, and four gates are made up of silver. Whereas, the Pinnacle “Gajur” of the main temple is made up of gold.
Pashupatinath Temple is enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1979 A.D. It is surrounded with many Hindus and Buddhist deities. There are about 491 temples, 15 Shrines of Lord Shiva “Shivalaya”, and 12 Phallic Shrines “Jyotirlinga” around the temple. The Inner Sanctum of Pashupatinath has three and a half feet tall Shiva lingam with four faces (main statue or idol of Lord Shiva). On the outside, there are Dwarpals (door guards) on each gate and the largest statue of Nandi, the bull. The Nandi (bull) is regarded as the vehicle of Lord Shiva. Only Hindus are allowed to enter inside the main gate of the Pashupatinath Temple.
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